Nation states will remain them most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future. The collapse of the Soviet Union brought up new dangers to the international systems, which have to be faced in the common years and, perhaps, centuries. Tribal wars and ethnic conflicts will occur within civilizations […] And the most dangerous cultural conflicts are those along the fault lines between civilizations […] For forty-five years the Iron Curtain was the central dividing line in Europe.
That line has moved several hundred miles east.
It is now the line separating peoples of Western Christianity, on the one hand, from Muslim and Orthodox peoples on the other. This shift of importance and relevance for conflict reasons if there are any can be seen also in the appearance of violent ethno-religious conflicts exemplified by Bosnia, the Caucuses, the Middle East, and Kashmir. They are, of course, cultural. With this example it should be made clear that the West has dominated the last decades of history but now it lacks of influence.
Furthermore this has the consequence that our common division of the world into a 1st, 2nd and 3rd world is no longer important and relevant.
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With clashes of civilizations the world system begins to change and to reshape itself, adjusting its international system to outcomes of future conflicts. Different cultural aspects will shape and divide the world in the next decades, characterized by shared and common values of civilization groups.
In my eyes this presents a too narrowed view because I believe that the world maybe will split up into three main parts; the West, the Islamic part and the Chinese part. Especially, the claim of rising ethnic conflict in the post-Cold War era has come under repeated and sustained attack. Therefore it comes out that the Huntington thesis is quite controversial and in a way provocative. The core clash between West and Islamic worlds concerns therefore democracy and its values but Norris and Ingelhardt stated, that Huntington is wrong in assuming that , p.
According to them it is on the one hand true that both societies differ in concerning the role of religious leadership in society but that on the other hand Huntington fails to identify the most basic cultural fault line between West and Islam. This main fault line is, concerning Norris and Ingelhardt, the issue of gender equality and sexual liberalization.
Politics - International Politics - General and Theories. Politics - International Politics - Topic: Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte. Sociology - Classics and Theoretical Directions.
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Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Frieden und Konflikte, Sicherheit. GRIN Publishing, located in Munich, Germany, has specialized since its foundation in in the publication of academic ebooks and books. The publishing website GRIN. Free Publication of your term paper, essay, interpretation, bachelor's thesis, master's thesis, dissertation or textbook - upload now! Register or log in. The four non-institutionalized initiatives were: Islam is incapable of change; Islam is a violent religion; Muslims do not speak out against religious extremism and terrorism; and all Muslims reject religious pluralism and interfaith dialogue Kamali , The open letter called for peace between Muslim and Christians, contending that followers of both faiths should try to work together to find common ground between them.
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O People of the Scripture? Come to a common word between us and you: The open letter set in train a spirited interfaith dialogue between Christians and Muslims.
Clash of Civilizations - Wikipedia
The initiative did not attract support from all Christians. The open letter was published in October By February , the fatwas to which Pavlischek refers had been removed from the website Durie The Royal Aal Al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought issued a summary document on the open letter, which also included a commentary.
It is not known why the fatwas were removed. In short, the issue of religious freedom is one of the main critiques of Islam from Christians. Yet, a new and mutually rewarding relationship has the potential to emerge between the Muslim and Christian worlds, where accumulated wisdom and insights for necessary progress provide the basis of a valued coexistence.
In other words, Muslims and Christians can learn from each other and cooperate in the pursuit of shared values. The goal is to engage meaningfully and consistently in inter-civilizational bridge-building so as to develop and deepen normatively desirable values and expand common understandings of truth, to transform an increasingly conflict-filled relationship to one with collective good works serving humanity and the demonstration of the soundness of common values and contribution to civilizations Said , 7.
But, will politicians like Donald Trump listen and act accordingly? The White House , 17 September. The Middle Path of Moderation in Islam. Mohammad Khatami and Vaclav Havel. Philpott, Daniel and Timothy Samuel Shah. Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.
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A Response to Huntington´s "Clash of Civilizations": Civilizations vs Nation State
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