Finding a lack of economic opportunity there, in he helped organize an expedition of about Pilgrims to the New World. He helped draft the Mayflower Compact aboard the group's ship, and he served as governor of the Plymouth Colony for all but five years from to He helped establish and foster the principles of self-government and religious freedom that characterized later American colonial government.
He received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers, and capturing others. Close Vote Arthur C. He was the chairman of the British Interplanetary Society from —47 and again in — He volunteered for an intelligence-gathering mission in New York City but was captured by the British and hanged. On 10 October , Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially women's, children's, and refugee rights.
Credited with kills, she is regarded as the most successful female sniper in history. After landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April , he obtained a donkey and began carrying wounded British Empire soldiers from the frontline to the beach, for evacuation. She is celebrated for saving the lives of soldiers from all sides without distinction and in helping some Allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium during World War I, for which she was arrested and shot. From the rescue of the crew of the Pyrin and then of half of the crew of the Fernebo in , through to his near drowning in the service to the SS English Trader in , he was awarded the gold medal of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution three times and the silver medal four times, the George Cross, the British Empire Medal, and a series of other awards.
He was credited with 20 aerial victories, four shared victories, six probables, one shared probable and 11 enemy aircraft damaged. Samuel Prescott August 19, — c. She became celebrated especially for her daring exploits in intelligence and irregular-warfare missions in Nazi-occupied Poland and France. She was previously a Harvard Law School professor specializing in bankruptcy law. Susan Travers 23 September — 18 December was an Englishwoman who was the only woman to serve officially with the French Foreign Legion.
He was a Unionist Member of Parliament from to and was one of only two men who during the Second World War enlisted in the British Army as a private and rose to the rank of Brigadier. Besides his technical work he was a popular and witty critic of capitalism, as shown by his best-known book The Theory of the Leisure Class She served in occupied France as a radio operator under the codename "Rose". Starting as a stand-up comedian in San Francisco and Los Angeles in the mids, he is credited with leading San Francisco's comedy renaissance.
Williams went on to establish a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting. He was known for his improvisational skills. He won many awards throughout his career, even though depression was continually trying to pull him down. Bob Zmuda, creator of Comic Relief, explains that Williams felt blessed because he came from a wealthy home, but wanted to do something to help those less fortunate. Amongst other charity work, Williams made benefit appearances to support literacy and women's rights, along with appearing at benefits for veterans.
After serving as guitarist, vocalist, and principal songwriter of the Velvet Underground, his solo career spanned several decades. The son of a coal miner, Bevan was a lifelong champion of social justice and the rights of working people. Lincoln Steffens April 6, — August 9, was a New York reporter who launched a series of articles in McClure's that would later be published together in a book titled The Shame of the Cities. He was a political science professor at Boston University for 24 years and taught history at Spelman College for 7 years.
He wrote extensively about the civil rights and anti-war movements, and labor history of the United States. Ellen Lee DeGeneres born January 26, is an American comedienne, television host, actress, writer, and television producer. Close Vote Dr. Andre Romelle Young born February 18, , known by his stage name Dr. Dre , is an American record producer, rapper and entrepreneur. During the May of , Dr.
Herbert Spencer 27 April — 8 December was an English philosopher, biologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era. In the presidential election, Wallace was the nominee of the Progressive Party. Murray Bookchin January 14, — July 30, was an American anarchist and libertarian socialist author, orator, historian, and political theoretician. A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin initiated the critical theory of social ecology within anarchist, libertarian socialist, and ecological thought.
Wendell Phillips November 29, —February 2, was an American abolitionist, advocate for Native Americans, orator and lawyer. Mariah Carey born March 27, or is an American singer, songwriter, actress, record producer, and philanthropist. She has been involved with several charitable organizations including donating royalties from her hits "Hero" and "One Sweet Day" to charities. She is also well-known nationally for her work with the Make-A-Wish Foundation in granting the wishes of children with life-threatening illnesses.
Thomas Andrews Drake born is a former senior executive of the U. In the government alleged that Drake "mishandled" documents, one of the few such Espionage Act cases in U.
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Ward June 18, — April 18, was an American botanist, paleontologist, and sociologist. Ward emphasized universal and comprehensive public schooling to provide the public with the knowledge a democracy needs to successfully govern itself. Suzanna Arundhati Roy born 24 November is an Indian author and political activist who is best known for the Man Booker Prize for Fiction-winning novel The God of Small Things and for her involvement in human rights and environmental causes. Terence "Terry" Chi-Shen Tao FAA FRS born 17 July , Adelaide , is an Australian mathematician working in harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, additive combinatorics, ergodic Ramsey theory, random matrix theory, and analytic number theory.
He currently holds the James and Carol Collins chair in mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles where he became the youngest ever promoted to full professor at the age of 24 years. Alfred Bernhard Nobel 21 October — 10 December was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer.
He was the inventor of dynamite. Nobel held different patents, dynamite being the most famous. His fortune was used posthumously to institute the Nobel Prizes. Shamai Kedem Leibowitz , also known as Samuel Shamai Leibowitz , is an American lawyer and blogger who was convicted of leaking classified information to a blogger.
Glenn Edward Greenwald born March 6, is an American lawyer, journalist and author. He was a columnist for Salon. Amy Goodman born April 13, is an American broadcast journalist, syndicated columnist, investigative reporter and author. Goodman's investigative journalism career includes coverage of the East Timor independence movement and Chevron Corporation's role in Nigeria.
Jeremy Scahill born October 18, is the National Security Correspondent for The Nation magazine and author of the international bestseller Blackwater: Thomas Tamm born is a former attorney in the United States Department of Justice Office of Intelligence Policy and Review during the period in when senior Justice officials fought against the widening scope of warrantless NSA surveillance that consisted of eavesdropping on U. Justin Randall Timberlake born January 31, is an American singer-songwriter, dancer, businessman, and actor.
Often referred to as the "King of Pop", or by his initials MJ , Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records. Robert John Downey, Jr. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, he prevented the launch of a nuclear torpedo and therefore prevented a possible nuclear war. Hawk is well known for completing the first documented and for his licensed video game titles, distributed by Activision. Isaac Asimov born Isaak Yudovich Ozimov ; circa January 2, — April 6, was an American author and professor of biochemistry at Boston University, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books.
Asimov was one of the most prolific writers of all time, having written or edited more than books and an estimated 90, letters and postcards. Asimov's most famous work is the Foundation Series; his other major series are the Galactic Empire series and the Robot series. Asimov considered himself a feminist even before Women's Liberation became a widespread movement.
Kennedy, and First Lady of the United States during his presidency from until his assassination in Five years later she married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis; they remained married until his death in For the final two decades of her life, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis had a career as a book editor.
Alan Bartlett "Al" Shepard, Jr. This Mercury flight was designed to enter space, but not to achieve orbit. Often called the "dean of science fiction writers", he was one of the most influential and controversial authors of the genre in his time. During this second venture, Scott led a party of five which reached the South Pole on 17 January , only to find that they had been preceded by Roald Amundsen's Norwegian expedition.
On their return journey, Scott and his four comrades all died from a combination of exhaustion, starvation and extreme cold. Her contribution to the war was little known during her lifetime, but since her death she has been frequently honoured in Canada. She retrieved Anne Frank's diary after the family was arrested and kept the papers safe until Otto Frank returned from Auschwitz in , and learned of his younger daughter's death.
Diane Judith Nash born May 15, was a leader and strategist of the student wing of the s Movement. Nash's campaigns were among the most successful of the era. Her efforts included the first successful civil rights campaign to integrate lunch counters Nashville ;the Freedom Riders, who de-segregated interstate travel;founding the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC ; and the Selma Voting Rights Movement campaign, which resulted in African Americans getting the vote and political power throughout the South. Nikolas "Nik" Wallenda born January 24, is an American acrobat, aerialist, daredevil, and high wire artist.
Described as "The King of the Wire", he is known for his high-wire performances without a safety net. Griffin had a renowned high school career at Oklahoma Christian School, winning state titles each of his four years under his father, head coach Tommy Griffin. He is the first African American to hold the office. George Raymond Richard Martin born George Raymond Martin ; September 20, , often referred to as GRRM , is an American novelist and short story writer in the fantasy, horror, and science fiction genres, and a screenwriter and television producer.
Corral during which lawmen killed three outlaw Cowboys. George Walton Lucas, Jr. He founded Lucasfilm and led the company as chairman and chief executive before selling it to The Walt Disney Company on October 30, He is best known as the creator of the space opera franchise Star Wars and the archaeologist adventurer character Indiana Jones. George Westinghouse, Jr October 6, — March 12, , was an American entrepreneur and engineer who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry.
Westinghouse was one of Thomas Edison's main rivals in the early implementation of the American electricity system. Gaius Plinius Secundus AD 23 — August 25, AD 79 , better known as Pliny the Elder , was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.
Spending most of his spare time studying, writing or investigating natural and geographic phenomena in the field, he wrote an encyclopedic work, Naturalis Historia , which became a model for all other encyclopedias. He is the lead singer and principal songwriter of the bands Radiohead and Atoms for Peace, known for his use of falsetto. Outside music, Yorke is a political activist on behalf of human rights, environmentalist and anti-war causes. She is a daughter of sitar virtuoso Ravi Shankar and Sue Jones. In addition to his solo career, Eminem is a member of his group D12, as well as one half of the hip hop duo Bad Meets Evil, alongside Royce da 5'9".
Coming from a family of professional basketball players, he is a member of the Argentine men's national basketball team and the San Antonio Spurs in the National Basketball Association NBA. Hiram King "Hank" Williams, Sr.
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September 17, — January 1, was an American singer-songwriter and musician. He was regarded as one of the most significant and influential singers and songwriters of the 20th Century. Close Vote C. Lewis and known to his friends and family as "Jack", was a novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, and Christian apologist from Belfast, Ireland.
Lawrence , was a British Army officer renowned especially for his liaison role during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and the Arab Revolt against Ottoman Turkish rule of — The breadth and variety of his activities and associations, and his ability to describe them vividly in writing, earned him international fame as Lawrence of Arabia , a title which was used for the film based on his World War I activities.
Saro-Wiwa was a member of the Ogoni people, an ethnic minority in Nigeria whose homeland, Ogoniland, in the Niger Delta has been targeted for crude oil extraction since the s and which has suffered extreme environmental damage from decades of indiscriminate petroleum waste dumping. He was an early and constant supporter of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, becoming during the s the leading intellectual light of the movement against nuclear weapons in Europe. Francisco Alves Mendes Filho , better known as Chico Mendes December 15, — December 22, , was a Brazilian rubber tapper, trade union leader and environmentalist.
He fought to preserve the Amazon rainforest, and advocated for the human rights of Brazilian peasants and indigenous peoples. Horan has been playing guitar since his childhood. Clifford is considered a Master Army Aviator and has logged over 3, hours flying in a wide variety of fixed and rotary winged aircraft. Clifford retired from the U. Army at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
He has logged over 12 hours of spacewalk time over three Space Shuttle missions. He is also one of the first people to conduct a spacewalk while docked to an orbiting space station. A subject of controversy, Snowden has been variously called a hero, a whistleblower, a dissident, a patriot, and a traitor. His disclosures have fueled debates over mass surveillance, government secrecy, and the balance between national security and information privacy. Haile Gebrselassie born 18 April is an Ethiopian long-distance track and road running athlete.
He won two Olympic gold medals over 10, metres and four World Championship titles in the event. He won the Berlin Marathon four times consecutively and also had three straight wins at the Dubai Marathon. Further to this, he won four world titles indoors and was the World Half Marathon Champion.
He broke 61 Ethiopian national records ranging from metres to the marathon, set 27 world records, and is widely considered one of the greatest distance runners in history. In September , at the age of 35, he won the Berlin Marathon with a world record time of 2: The record stood for three years. Since he was over the age of 35, that mark still stands as the Masters Age group world record. William Anthony "Tony" Parker, Jr. Parker is also a music artist with his own music album TP. Benn inherited a peerage on his father's death preventing him continuing as an MP. He campaigned for the ability to renounce the title.
Benn was described as "one of the few UK politicians to have become more left-wing after holding ministerial office. Hammurabi Akkadian from Amorite? Ammu , "paternal kinsman", and R? Hammurabi is known for the set of laws called Hammurabi's Code, one of the first written codes of law in recorded history.
These laws were inscribed on stone tablets stelae standing over eight feet tall 2. John Cartwright 17 September — 23 September was an English naval officer, Nottinghamshire militia major and prominent campaigner for parliamentary reform. He subsequently became known as the Father of Reform. His shocking, realistic war poetry on the horrors of trenches and gas warfare was heavily influenced by his friend Siegfried Sassoon and stood in stark contrast to both the public perception of war at the time, and to the confidently patriotic verse written by earlier war poets such as Rupert Brooke.
He is best known for writing the famous war memorial poem "In Flanders Fields". Ieoh Ming Pei born April 26, , commonly known as I. Pei , is a Chinese American architect often called the master of modern architecture. His first major recognition was for the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado; this led to him becoming chief architect for the John F. Kennedy Library in Massachusetts. Born and raised in Barranquilla, she began performing in school, demonstrating Latin, Arabic, and rock and roll influences and belly dancing abilities.
Bruno Manser August 25, — legally dead March 10, was an environmental activist. He was well known in Switzerland for his public activism for rainforest preservation and the protection of indigenous peoples. He disappeared mysteriously in and is presumed dead. She was the first African American elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction, the first southern black female elected to the United States House of Representatives, and the first African-American woman to deliver the keynote address at a Democratic National Convention.
Hero - Wikipedia
Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet 17 September — 28 March , known as Nicolas de Condorcet , was a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he advocated a liberal economy, free and equal public education, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races.
He formally established the academic discipline and, with Karl Marx and Max Weber, is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology. Mary Henrietta Kingsley 13 October — 3 June was an English ethnographic and scientific writer and explorer whose travels throughout West Africa and resulting work helped shape European perceptions of African cultures and British imperialism. The empire, based in the Punjab region, existed from to It was forged, on the foundations of the Dal Khalsa, under the leadership of Ranjit Singh from a collection of autonomous Sikh Misls.
The Order has always been associated with teaching, especially in Ireland, where the nuns taught Catholics and at times Protestants at a time when education was mainly reserved for members of the established Church of Ireland. His second novel, Midnight's Children , won the Booker Prize in Much of his fiction is set on the Indian subcontinent. He is said to combine magical realism with historical fiction; his work is concerned with the many connections, disruptions and migrations between East and West. Shakib Al Hasan born 24 March is a Bangladeshi international cricketer and statistically the most successful player in the nation's history.
He is an all-rounder batting left-handed in the middle order and bowling slow left-arm orthodox. Katheryn Elizabeth "Katy" Hudson born October 25, , better known by her stage name Katy Perry , is an American singer, songwriter, businesswoman, philanthropist, and actress. She was born and raised in Santa Barbara, California. His time at the club has led to Ferguson being regarded as one of the most successful, admired and respected managers in the history of the game.
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Harriet Martineau 12 June — 27 June was an English social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist. Martineau introduced feminist sociological perspectives into her writing on otherwise overlooked issues such as marriage, children, domestic and religious life, and race relations. During the German occupation of France during World War II, he was taken hostage by the Nazis and executed by firing squad in retaliation for attacks on Germans by the French Resistance.
She helped the dying and terminally ill end their lives in the most comfortable ways possible. He played college football for the University of Miami, and was drafted by the Colts in the first round 30th overall of the NFL Draft. Her organization works to strengthen the rights of children living behind bars with their incarcerated parents. Her efforts have been recognized by national and international media since she was nominated for CNN Heroes Award, which she subsequently won in Albert Arnold "Al" Gore, Jr.
He was the Democratic Party's nominee for President and lost the U. David " Davy " Crockett August 17, — March 6, was a 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician. He is commonly referred to in popular culture by the epithet "King of the Wild Frontier". He represented Tennessee in the U. He has investigated government corruption and cover-ups, in particular the Sichuan schools corruption scandal following the collapse of so-called "tofu-dreg schools" in the Sichuan earthquake.
In , following his arrest at Beijing Capital International Airport on 3 April, he was held for 81 days without any official charges being filed; officials alluded to their allegations of "economic crimes". He and his brother, Charles Horace Mayo, both joined their father's private medical practice in Rochester, Minnesota, USA, after graduating from medical school in the s. In , that practice became the not-for-profit Mayo Clinic. Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen born September 23, is an American singer-songwriter, guitarist and humanitarian.
He is best known for his work with his E Street Band. Nicknamed "The Boss", Springsteen is widely known for his brand of poetic lyrics, Americana working class, sometimes political sentiments centered on his native New Jersey, and his lengthy and energetic stage performances, with concerts from the s to the present decade running over three hours in length. She was star of many sitcoms including I Love Lucy , and was one of the most popular and influential stars in the United States during her lifetime. Oakley's "amazing talent" led to a starring role in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show.
She rose to prominence playing Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter film series; she was cast as Hermione at the age of nine, having previously acted only in school plays. She has recently received her bachelor's degree in English literature from the prestigious Brown University in Rhode Island. He founded the Gesundheit! Each year he organizes a group of volunteers from around the world to travel to various countries where they dress as clowns in an effort to bring humor to orphans, patients, and other people.
Dawkins came to prominence with his book The Selfish Gene, which popularised the gene-centred view of evolution and introduced the term meme. In a poll held by Prospect magazine in , Dawkins was voted the world's top thinker based on 65 names chosen by a largely US- and UK-based expert panel. Carlin was noted for his black comedy and his thoughts on politics, the English language, psychology, religion, and various taboo subjects. He has written prolifically for TV, radio, film and stage. Themes of human rights, censorship and political freedom pervade his work along with exploration of linguistics and philosophy.
He vigorously opposed militarism, economic materialism and sexual repression. William Ernest "Bill" McKibben born is an American environmentalist, author, and journalist who has written extensively on the impact of global warming. He is the Schumann Distinguished Scholar at Middlebury College and leader of the anti-carbon campaign group Jimmy Donal " Jimbo " Wales born August 7, is an American Internet entrepreneur best known as the co-founder and promoter of the online, non-profit encyclopedia Wikipedia and the for-profit Wikia web-hosting company.
He is the main character in the Epic of Gilgamesh, a Mesopotamian poem that is considered the first great work of literature. In the epic, Gilgamesh is a demigod of superhuman strength who built the city walls of Uruk to defend his people and travelled to meet the sage Utnapishtim, who survived the Great Deluge. According to the Sumerian King List, Gilgamesh ruled his city for years. Robert Gerard "Bobby" Sands Irish: He was the leader of the hunger strike in which Irish republican prisoners protested against the removal of Special Category Status.
Elizabeth II Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states, known as the Commonwealth realms, and their territories and dependencies, and head of the member Commonwealth of Nations. Red Cloud — December 10, was a war leader and a chief of the Oglala Lakota. He led as a chief from to After signing the Treaty of Fort Laramie , Red Cloud led his people in the important transition to reservation life. He developed the Transcendental Meditation technique and was the leader and guru of a worldwide organization that has been characterized in multiple ways including as a new religious movement and as non-religious.
Bieber was discovered in by American talent manager Scooter Braun, who came across Bieber's videos on YouTube and later became his manager. Nancy Morgan Hart c. Robyn Rihanna Fenty born February 20, , known professionally as Rihanna is a Barbadian singer, songwriter, actress, and fashion designer. Born in Saint Michael, Barbados, her career began upon meeting record producer Evan Rogers in late through mutual friends; she recorded demo tapes with his guidance. She rose to widespread prominence and became a household name with the release of her third studio album, Good Girl Gone Bad Rihanna has sold over million records worldwide, making her one of the best-selling artists of all time.
In , she created her Believe Foundation to help terminally ill children. Arland Dean Williams Jr. September 23, — January 13, was a passenger aboard Air Florida Flight 90, which crashed on take-off in Washington, D. He was among the six people to initially survive the crash. His actions after the crash, handling the initial rescue efforts as a first responder, became a well-known example of extraordinary heroism, although it cost him his life. He did not know any of the other victims personally. In fact, his identity was not even known until some time after the bodies were recovered.
Stephen Robert "Steve" Irwin 22 February — 4 September , nicknamed " The Crocodile Hunter ", was an Australian wildlife expert, television personality, and conservationist. Irwin achieved worldwide fame from the television series The Crocodile Hunter , an internationally broadcast wildlife documentary series which he co-hosted with his wife Terri. He is a polarizing figure among pro wrestling fans, despite playing a heroic character for the majority of his career.
Cena has granted over wishes for Arizona children with life-threatening illnesses through the Make-A-Wish Foundation, making him the current record holder. Thomas Jacob " Jack " Black born August 28, is an American actor, producer, comedian, voice artist, writer, and musician.
His acting career has been extensive, starring primarily as bumbling and cocky but internally self-conscious outsiders in comedy films, though he has played some serious roles. He had previously received the Military Medal in , awarded for an action whilst serving with the Royal Green Jackets in Northern Ireland during He is the founder and head of the Edhi Foundation, the largest non-profit social welfare organisation in world.
Timothy Filiga "Tim" Cahill born 6 December is an Australian football soccer player, who is the all-time top scorer for the Australian national football team. Anna Mae Bullock born November 26, , known by her stage name Tina Turner , is a singer, dancer, actress, and author, whose career has spanned more than half a century, earning her widespread recognition and numerous awards. Born and raised in the American South, she is now a Swiss citizen.
He was the lead singer of the Irish rock band the Boomtown Rats. Geldof is widely recognised for his activism, especially anti-poverty efforts concerning Africa. In he and Midge Ure founded the charity supergroup Band Aid to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia. Daniel Jacob Radcliffe born 23 July is an English actor who rose to prominence as the title character in the Harry Potter film series.
Several of his musicals have run for more than a decade both in the West End and on Broadway. He has composed 13 musicals, a song cycle, a set of variations, two film scores, and a Latin Requiem Mass. He has also gained a number of honours, including a knighthood in , followed by a peerage from Queen Elizabeth II for services to Music. Michael Edwards born 5 December , better known as Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards, is a British skier who in became the first competitor to represent Great Britain in Olympic ski jumping. At the time, Edwards was the British ski jumping record holder a record later broken by others , the world number nine in amateur speed skiing, and the stunt jumping world record holder.
Finishing last in the 70m and 90m events, he became famous as an example of a plucky underdog or 'heroic failure', and of perseverance and achievement without funding that represents the British bulldog spirit. Internationally he has received 58 caps, and scored 17 goals, while playing for the Australian national team. Betty White Ludden born Betty Marion White ; January 17, , known professionally as Betty White , is an American actress, author, producer, radio host and television personality.
In , the Guinness World Records awarded White with having the longest television career for a female entertainer. Regarded as a pioneer of television, White was one of the first women to have creative control both in front of and behind the camera; and is recognized as the first woman to produce a sitcom. McCoy May 2, — October 10, was a black Canadian-American inventor and engineer, who was notable for his 57 U. Born free in Canada, he returned as a five-year-old child with his family to the United States in , where he lived for the rest of his life and became a US citizen.
Chesley Burnett " Sully " Sullenberger, III born January 23, is a retired airline captain, aviation safety expert and accident investigator. Sullenberger was hailed as a national hero in the United States when he successfully executed an emergency water landing of US Airways Flight in the Hudson River off Manhattan, New York City, after the aircraft was disabled by striking a flock of Canada geese during its initial climb out of LaGuardia Airport on January 15, All of the passengers and crew aboard the aircraft survived.
Albert Battel 21 January — was a German Wehrmacht army lieutenant and lawyer recognized for his resistance during World War II to the Nazi plans for the liquidation of the Przemy? He was posthumously recognized as Righteous Among the Nations in Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace 10 December — 27 November , born Augusta Ada Byron and now commonly known as Ada Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine.
Because of this, she is often regarded as the first computer programmer. It is not to be confused with Heroin. For other uses, see Heroine disambiguation. Philosophy of history and Great man theory. Vanity Fair novel and Superhero. Retrieved 2 October Beekes , Etymological Dictionary of Greek , Brill, , p. An Introduction to Homer's Iliad. University of California Press. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association.
The Masks of God: The Study of Sociology , Appleton, , p. United States Postal Service. The Hero in History. A Study in Limitation and Possibility. The Role of an Individual in History: Journal of Globalization Studies. Gergen, Mary ; N. A Reader , Routledge, p. Sprague de Camp , Literary Swordsmen and Sorcerers: The Makers of Heroic Fantasy , p. Vanity Fair Theme of Morality and Ethics. Retrieved December 6, , from http: A conceptual analysis and differentiation between heroic action and altruism".
Review of General Psychology. The evolution of charitable behaviour and the power of reputation. Contributions to Indian Sociology. Hellraisers, Heroines and Holy Women. From Byron to Guevara. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. In Quest of the Hero. Hadas, Moses; Morton Smith The Heroes of the Greeks. Hook, Sydney The Hero in History: Psychology of the Hero Soul. Lidell, Henry and Robert Scott. Victorian Constructions of the Heroic Civilian.
A Study in Tradition, Myth and Drama. Republished Smidchens, Guntis What Makes a Hero?: The Surprising Science of Selflessness. Byronic hero Man alone Tragic hero. Gentleman detective Jack Trickster. Bad boy Gentleman thief Pirate Air pirate Space pirate. Double agent Evil twin. Dark Lord Mad scientist Supervillain. Dragon Lady Femme fatale Tsundere.
Jungle girl Magical girl. Princesse lointaine Southern belle Valley girl Yamato nadeshiko. Final girl Princess and dragon. Wise old man Elderly martial arts master Magical Negro. Feral child Noble savage Caveman Moleman Mountain man. Retrieved from " https: Protagonists by role Mythological archetypes Mythological characters Fantasy tropes Hero Heroes Literary archetypes Jungian archetypes. CS1 French-language sources fr Wikipedia pending changes protected pages Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with NKC identifiers.
Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. A hooker with a heart of gold, given a chance to live the high life, who discovers what really matters by the end. Michelle Rodriguez stars as Diana Guzman , the product of a macho Brooklyn society that tells her she has no place in the boxing ring. Guzman sets out to prove them wrong in a hard-hitting but ultimately uplifting sports drama.
Not only does she lead her sisters as a zombie-killing machine, she actually fights Mr. Darcy when she learns of his meddling, and during the zombie invasion of London, saves him from the hands of the evil Wickham.
You do not mess with this lady. Of course, this being a golden era Hollywood production, love worms its way into her heart at the end. Katharine Graham also made these strides as publisher of The Washington Post during some of its most crucial s reporting, including her bold decision to print the Pentagon Papers. Alex Owens makes a living in a blue-collar world, but she dreams of artistic glory, with the ultimate goal of being accepted into a prestigious ballet school.
She subjects herself to classism and snobbish scrutiny, but remains true to herself and her own radiant form of expression. She makes you want to invest in some leather and parkour lessons. But beyond her formidable physical abilities, Hanna also keeps her enemies guessing as she fights for survival, fleeing the snowy wilds of Finland for the unknown dangers of civilization. But she perseveres through some very low times and earns her fame, ultimately leading her to come to terms with her true identity.
Strong-minded and ambitious, aspiring writer Jo pens plays for her sisters to perform and later departs for New York City to pursue her dreams, helping to redefine what it meant to be a young woman at the time. She is a Whale Rider. That part is obvious. But as intimidating and deadly as the statuesque Uma Thurman is in this iconic movie role — and as many bodies as The Bride leaves in her wake in her quest for revenge — the unexpected softer, maternal side she eventually reveals can be just as powerful in its own way.
But the ladies of Steel Magnolias are tough. But Steel Magnolias also gets a lot right about the many shades of female strength. Sally Hawkins brings this character to life beautifully, wordlessly, and she makes you want to join her adventure. Vivien Leigh won an Oscar for the role, creating a screen icon for the ages. Lindsey Bahr has been a film writer at The Associated Press since where she reviews films weekly, writes features and covers industry news and events, including the Oscars.
The Seven Greatest Female Action Heroes
She previously covered movies and pop culture for Entertainment Weekly and has contributed film and music stories to The Atlantic. Jamie Broadnax is the founder and editor-in-chief of Black Girl Nerds. Angie Han is the deputy entertainment editor at Mashable, and was formerly the managing editor at Slashfilm. Her favorite films change from day to day, but generally include some combination of Clueless , Goodfellas , and Synecdoche , New York.
She is based in New York and Los Angeles. Christy Lemire is a longtime film critic who writes for RogerEbert. Her writing has appeared on EW. Inevitably, her cult following of fanboys, fangirls and pop culture nerds hit a tipping point.